Wine making process is quite divergent with regard to whether you are making red, white or rose wine. Each type of wine varies considerably as products due to the divergent wine making processes that are used from the onset. Walk into a local liquor store and you will find so many types of wine as a proof but do you know how to make wine at home?
The process of wine making especially for starters has always been easier if they use grapes. They are easy to find, affordable and ferment with ease. Grape juice is natural and needs minimal adjustment during the process. With other fruits, you need adjustment in a variety of aspects including the amount of available sugars needs to be tested and adjusted. The fruit juices need to be tested and adjusted in prior and the amount of fruit per gallon must be precise.
However, they all start with the same process of harvesting grapes from the fields. Thereafter, there is the selection of the grapes. After the grapes that meet the quality threshold are selected, they are taken to the winery, where the fermentation process begins.
For the red wine, the entire must of the black or red grapes is used. However, for the white wine, only the grapes juices are fermented, after the grapes are crushed. And for the Rose wines, the juice is deliberately left in contact with the skin of the grapes to acquire a light red/pink hue.
For the primary fermentation process, yeast may be added, or it may be left to ferment with the help of the yeast that the grapes have. For red wine, the skins are passed through a press for the remaining juice to be extracted off of the skins.
Thereafter, the wine goes through the malo-lactic conversion. Finally, maturing may be done in oak barrels.
Despite the fruit, you opt for the process of wine making you need to ensure the following. The fruits should be well selected in terms of quality. This should be followed by a thorough cleaning. In most cases, the fruit to be used should be fully ripe as they produce more and better quality of juice.
After the fermentation process is over you can either put wine in barrels but in our case, bottles are used more. The problem with barrels is that they need high maintenance. Bottles on the other hands are easy to clean and store. Whichever way you choose it should at least match with the capacity of wine you are preparing to as to ease the work.